1145

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Pope Eugene III (1080–1153)

Year 1145 (MCXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Events

By place

Levant

  • Spring – Seljuk forces led by Imad al-Din Zengi capture Saruj, the second great Crusader fortress east of the Euphrates. They advance to Birejik and besiege the city, but the garrison puts up a stiff resistance. Meanwhile, Queen-Regent Melisende of Jerusalem joins forces with Joscelin II, count of Edessa and approaches the city. Zengi raises the siege after hearing rumours of trouble in Mosul. He rushes back with his army to take control. There, Zengi is praised throughout Islam as "defender of the faith" and al-Malik al-Mansur, the "victorious king".[1]
  • Raymond of Poitiers, prince of Antioch, travels to Constantinople to ask Emperor Manuel I (Komnenos) for help to support his campaign against the Seljuks. When he arrives, Raymond is forced to accept the suzerainty of the Byzantine Empire. Manuel treats him graciously, gives him gifts and promises him a money subsidy.[2]

Europe

Africa

Asia

  • Estimation: Merv (in the Seljuk Empire) becomes the largest city in the world, surpassing Constantinople.[5]

By topic

Art and Culture

Religion

Births

Deaths

References

  1. Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol II: The Kingdom of Jerusalem, p. 192. Page Template:Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css has no content.{{#invoke:Catalog lookup link|main}}{{#invoke:check isxn|check_isbn|978-0-241-29876-3|error={{#invoke:Error|error| Parameter error in {{ISBN}}: Invalid ISBN.|tag=span}}}}.
  2. Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol II: The Kingdom of Jerusalem, p. 193. Page Template:Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css has no content.{{#invoke:Catalog lookup link|main}}{{#invoke:check isxn|check_isbn|978-0-241-29876-3|error={{#invoke:Error|error| Parameter error in {{ISBN}}: Invalid ISBN.|tag=span}}}}.
  3. 3.0 3.1 {{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}
  4. Picard C. (1997) La mer et les musulmans d'Occident au Moyen Age. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, pp.64
  5. Geography at about.com

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