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Template:Use mdy dates Template:Year dab Template:Year nav Template:C12 year in topic

Portrait of Philip of Swabia (1177–1208)

Year 1197 (MCXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.


By place




  • September 10Henry I (or Henry II), king of Jerusalem, dies from falling out a first-floor window at his palace in Acre. His widow, Isabella I, becomes regent while the kingdom is thrown into consternation.[6]
  • September 22 – About 16,000 German crusaders reach Acre, starting the crusade of 1197. Emperor Henry VI, who planned to join the forces later on, was forced to stay behind in Sicily due to illness. On September 28 he dies at Messina. Meanwhile the crusaders manage to reconquer Sidon and Beirut but return to Germany after receiving the news of the emperor's death.


  • Genghis Khan (or Temüjin), with help from the Keraites, defeats the Jurchens of the Jin Dynasty. The Jin bestowed Genghis' blood brother Toghrul with the honorable title of Ong Khan, and Genghis receives the lesser title of j'aut quri. During the winter, Toghrul returns and re-establishes himself as leader of the Keraites.[7]

By topic






  1. "Henry VI died in Messina, poisoned, so it was believed, by his own entourage because of his Italian policy." P. 41 in Kenneth Varty (editor), Reynard the Fox: Social Engagement and Cultural Metamorphoses in the Beast Epic from the Middle Ages to the Present (Berghahn Books, 2000). Template:ISBN.
  2. Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol III: The Kingdom of Acre, pp. 92–93. Template:ISBN.
  3. Template:Cite book
  4. Template:Cite book
  5. Sulev Vahtre (2007). Eesti ajalugu: kronoloogia, 2007. Printed by "Olion". Pg 21.
  6. Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol III: The Kingdom of Acre, p. 78. Template:ISBN.
  7. Biran, Michal (2012). Genghis Khan, p. 35. London: Oneworld Publications. Template:ISBN.
  8. Template:Cite book